St. John Fisher and St. Thomas More – Martyrs – June 22nd

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St. Thomas More & St. John Fisher

Each year in the Holy Catholic Church there are two saints who are recognized on June 22nd for their courage and there steadfastness against a government that had overstepped it’s authority and sought to usurp the power that the Church rightly held over the laws of marriage. These two saints are: Saint Thomas More and Saint John Fisher.

Saint John Fisher was a parish priest of Northallerton in England from 1491- 1494. In 1527 he was asked to study the problem of King Henry VIII’s marriage to Catherine of Aragon,whom the King wanted to divorce. Because he failed to side with the King and his unlawful proposal of divorce, he was sentenced to prison without a trail and sent to the Tower of London for 14 months. In 1535, while still in prison he was named a Cardinal.

During his ordeal, with the threat of death hanging before him, the people of England started to see a strong similarity between John Fisher’s sentence of death and that of Saint John the Baptist, who had been beheaded for speaking out against a ruler’s unlawful divorce and remarriage. This angered King Henry VIII, and because the 24th of June (Feast of St. John the Baptist)was fast approaching he demanded that St. John Fisher be sentenced to death on the 22nd, which ironically was the same date as the execution of St. Alban, the first martyr for the Faith in Britain.

On the morning of his execution he came out of the tower with the Bible in his hands, and leaning on the wall for support he opened the Bible and in a loud voice, so as to be heard, he said, ” Oh Lord, this is the last time I shall ever open this book. Let some comforting place now chance to me whereby, I, Thy poor servant, may glorify thee in my last hour,” and looking down at the page he read:

“Now this is eternal life: that they may know Thee, the One True God, and Jesus Christ Whom Thou has sent, I have glorified Thee on earth: I have finished the work which Thou gavest me to do.”( John 17: 3-4)

Upon closing the Bible he said, “Here is even learning enough for me to my life’s end.” Then continuing on in silent prayer he was carried to Tower Hill. As he climbed the tower he was heard mumbling prayers and words from Psalm 33, before forgiving the masked executioner, as was customary at the time. And he then said, “I forgive thee with all my heart, and I trust on Our Lord, Thou shalt see me die lustily.” When he was offered one last time to speak, as a chance to save his life by accepting that the King was ruler over the Church, he continued to show the strength of his character and instead spoke loudly saying:

“Christian people, I am come to hither to die for the faith of Christ’s Catholic Church, and I thank God hitherto my courage hath served me well thereto, so that yet hitherto I have not feared death; wherefore I desire you help me and assist me with your prayers, that at the very point and instant of my death’s stroke, and in the very moment of my death, I then faint not in any point of the Catholic faith for fear; and i pray God save the king and the realm, and hold His holy hand over it, and send the king a good counsel.”

The power of the voice that emanated out of the frail and weak body amazed all those who were gathered. And then when the good saint fell to his knees to pray, they stood in awed silence, listening as he said the Te Deum, praising God. Finally after a moment more of prayer, he lay down and put his neck upon the block waiting for the executioner’s blow.  After he was beheaded, his naked body was thrown in the streets, where it lay until someone, moved with pity, threw hay over the body. Shortly after, so many people began to gather and venerate the body, that it was moved and buried in the little Church of St. Peter-ad- Vincula in the Tower. Another ironic point to be noted is that, the good saint was scheduled to be hung, but because King Henry VIII did not wish that the people continue to compare Saint John Fisher to Saint John the Baptist, he had him beheaded instead, which only caused the people to draw the similarities further.

The second martyr that is honored on this day, is Saint Thomas More, who had been Archbishop of Canterbury. He was a family man, who remarried after his first wife died. For some time, he was a good friend of King Henry VIII. That is until the Saint  boldly testified against King Henry VIII, and was in favor of Church autonomy over the state, and sought to keep the authority of the Pope as head of the Church. He also rivaled the King’s divorce and remained committed to the  indissolubility of marriage in the eyes of God. Hoping to remove himself from the King and his sinful behavior, St. Thomas resigned the Chancellorship. But when he refused to attend the coronation of Anne Boleyn in June 1533, the King became incensed and was overcome with an attitude of vengeance against his former friend. Finally, when King VIII ordered Thomas to sign his Oath of Supremacy, which declared the King as head of the church in England, Thomas refuse to sign the oath, and the angry king could stand it no more, and sentenced Thomas to be imprisoned in the Tower of London.

During his time in the Tower of London, Saint Thomas devoted much of his time meditating upon the Holy Eucharist, writing works of devotion on the Passion of Jesus and the Agony in the Garden, often relying on Biblical references for the basis of these devotions. Unfortunately, when Sir Richard Rich found out about Thomas’s writings, he removed all of his books, including the Bible,all of his papers and his pens, trying to silence this great saint. St. Thomas More was beheaded on July 6, 1535. He left behind the final words: “The king’s good servant, but God’s first.”

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Saints John Fisher and Thomas More were beatified by Pope Leo XIII, along with 52 other English martyrs on December 29th, 1886. They were canonized on May 19, 1935 by Pope Pius XI. Their feast day is June 22nd.

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Feast of Our Lady of Perpetual Help June 27th

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The image of Our lady of Perpetual Help is an image of Our Lady done in the Byzantine style. It is painted on wood with a gold leaf background. The wood was tested, and dates back to between 1325 – 1400. In the image the Blessed Mother is holding the Child Jesus. Each of them has a golden halo surrounding them. In the background there are two angels, one on the right and one on the left. Each one of them is presenting the instruments of the passion to the Child Jesus, who is clinging to his Mother’s hand and appears to be frightened by what he sees. The angel on the right is the Archangel Gabriel, and he is holding a cross and four nails. The angel on the left is the Archangel Michael who is holding a lance, a pole with a sponge, and a vessel of vinegar.The Blessed Mother is gazing straight ahead with a calm, yet sorrowful stare.

This image of Our lady of Perpetual Help has long been venerated on the isle of Crete. As the inhabitants were fleeing a Turkish invasion, they carried the image with them to Rome. As they traveled over the rough seas, they invoked the protection of the Blessed Mother under the title of Our Lady of Perpetual Help, and the ship was saved from a terrible storm.

In March of 1499, the image was carried triumphantly through the streets of Rome. The clergy processed along with the people and carried it to it’s new home; over the main altar of St. Matthew’s Church, where it remained under the care of the Augustinian friars. During this time, the holy image became the object of a very popular devotion which God rewarded with many miracles. It remained there for several centuries.

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The image has been known by many names. ‘Virgin of the Passion,’ ‘The Golden Madonna,’ ‘The Mother of Catholic Homes.’ But according to some, the Blessed Mother requested that this image be referred to as ‘Our Lady of Perpetual Help.’ She wishes for all to approach Her and seek Her help in all things, especially for those who are most needy and afflicted, She wishes to be a source of love and protection. The Icon represents an image of Our Blessed Mother that should inspire in those who gaze upon it, a sense of hope and prayer. Serving as a means of devotion for those who seek Mary’s intercession, as She cradles the Christ Child tenderly in Her arms, it may also serve as an aide to those who wish to contemplate the mystery of Christ’s Redemption. Looking at the Virgin’s face we can see that there is no pain nor suffering that we can bring to Her…that She would not understand…that She would not be able to help us with.

So with an attitude of faith and prayer, let us gaze upon this holy Icon and admire not only the artistic value of the artist’s strokes…but also the spiritual beauty that has stretched throughout the ages to bring comfort and peace to those who venerate this beautiful image. The expression on the Blessed Mother’s face is of a mother who knows pain…who knows the burden of suffering…yet remains tender and serine. Her gaze is on us, Her children who She is inviting to seek Her comfort, and offering an invitation to us to obey the Will of God….with all of its joys…with all of its sufferings, so that in the end we may be able to stand in God’s presence…and in the presence of this same Blessed Virgin Mary, who reigns as Queen, and enjoy our eternal reward in Heaven.

Prayer to Our Lady of Perpetual Help

O Mother of Perpetual Help, grant that I may ever invoke thy most powerful name, which is the safeguard of the living and the salvation of the dying. O Purest Mary, O Sweetest Mary, let thy name henceforth be ever on my lips. Delay not, O Blessed Lady, to help me whenever I call on thee, for, in all my needs, in all my temptations I shall never cease to call on thee, ever repeating thy sacred name, Mary, Mary.

O what consolation, what sweetness, what confidence, what emotion fill my soul when I pronounce thy sacred name, or even only think of thee. I thank God for having given thee, for my good, so sweet, so powerful, so lovely a name. But I will not be content with merely pronouncing thy name: let my love for thee prompt me ever to hail thee, Mother of Perpetual Help.

 

 

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Solemnity of the nativity of Saint John the Baptist – June 24th

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Jesus called John the greatest of all those who had preceded him: “I tell you, among those born of women, no one is greater than John…yet the least in the kingdom of God is greater than he.” (Luke 7:28).

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Birth of Saint John the Baptist

Luke 1:57-66, 80
57 Now the time came for Elizabeth to be delivered, and she gave birth to a son.
58 And her neighbors and kinsfolk heard that the Lord had shown great mercy to her, and they rejoiced with her.
59 And on the eighth day they came to circumcise the child; and they would have named him Zechari’ah after his father,
60 but his mother said, “Not so; he shall be called John.”
61 And they said to her, “None of your kindred is called by this name.”
62 And they made signs to his father, inquiring what he would have him called.
63 And he asked for a writing tablet, and wrote, “His name is John.” And they all marveled.
64 And immediately his mouth was opened and his tongue loosed, and he spoke, blessing God.
65 And fear came on all their neighbors. And all these things were talked about through all the hill country of Judea;
66 and all who heard them laid them up in their hearts, saying, “What then will this child be?” For the hand of the Lord was with him.
80 And the child grew and became strong in spirit, and he was in the wilderness till the day of his manifestation to Israel.

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Ordinarily the Holy Mother Church recognizes the day of a saint’s death as his feast day because that is the day that marks the saints entrance into heaven. There are two exceptions to this rule… the birthday of the Blessed Mother and the birthday of Saint John the Baptist.

 

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We read in the Gospel of Luke how Saint John the Baptist’s birth was foretold by the angel Gabriel, to his father Zechariah as he was offering incense at the Temple. We also read how John was filled with the Holy Spirit before his birth. As Mary come to visit her cousin Elizabeth, we read that the infant within her womb stirred with excitement…’leaping for joy...’as it were. John had a mission…from the moment of his creation in the womb of his mother, he was created for great things…his life was a complete and total dedication to bringing glory to the Lord….for setting forth the path..for preparing the way for the Messiah and urging those who had grown disobedient back to the path of righteousness.

As John was in the river baptizing his many followers, telling them, “I indeed baptize you with water; but there shall come one mightier than I, the latches of whose shoes I am not worthy to loose: he shall baptize you with the Holy Ghost and with fire: whose fan is in his hand and he will purge his floor; and will gather the wheat into his barn, but the chaff he will burn with unquenchable fire” (Luke 3:16-17) Whatever John may have meant by this baptism “with fire”, he, at all events, in this declaration clearly defined his relation to the One to come.

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One day as John was baptizing his followers, Jesus approached him, wishing to be baptized. Immediately John recognized Jesus as the long awaited Anointed One that was heralded by prophets and angels, and he spoke the word’s which are said at every Mass during the Consecration, “This is the Lamb of God who takes away the sin of the world.” (John 1:29) As Jesus rose from the water, the Spirit of God descended like a dove, alighting upon the head of Our Lord, as a voice from heaven declared, “This is my Son, with whom I am pleased.” (Matthew 3:16-17)

 

In closing I would like to eave you with an excerpt from The Church’s Year of Grace, from Pius Parsh :

In other words, today’s feast anticipates the feast of Christmas. Taking an overall view, we keep during the course of the year only two mysteries, that of Christ’s Incarnation and that of His Redemption. The Redemption mystery is the greater of the two; the Incarnation touches the human heart more directly. To the Redemption mystery the entire Easter season is devoted, from Septuagesima until Pentecost; and likewise every Sunday of the year, because Sunday is Easter in miniature.

The Christmas season has for its object the mystery of God become man, to which there is reference only now and then during the remaining part of the year, e.g., on Marian feasts, especially that of the Annunciation (March 25th) and today’s feast in honor of the Baptist. In a sense, then, we are celebrating Christ’s incarnation today. The birth of Jesus is observed on December 25 at the time of the winter solstice, while the birth of His forerunner is observed six months earlier at the time of the summer solstice. Christmas is a “light” feast; the same is true today. The popular custom centering about “St. John’s Fire” stems from soundest Christian dogma and could well be given renewed attention. St. John’s Fire symbolizes Christ the Light; John was a lamp that burned and shone. We Christians should be the light of the world.

 

 

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Feast of the Sacred Heart of Jesus – June 23, 2017

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“The term ‘Sacred Heart of Jesus’ denotes the entire mystery of Christ, the totality of His being, and His person…Devotion to the Sacred Heart calls for a fundamental attitude of conversion and reparation, of love and gratitude, apostolic commitment and dedication to Christ and His saving work” – Directory on popular piety and the Liturgy #166,172
“The essential nucleus of Christianity is expressed in the Heart of Jesus; in Christ, the whole of the revolutionary newness of the Gospel was revealed and given to us: the Love that saves us and already makes us live in God’s eternity. Even our shortcomings, our limitations, and our weaknesses must lead us back to the Heart of Jesus. His Divine Heart calls to our hearts, inviting us to come out of ourselves, to abandon our human certainties, to trust in Him and, following His example, to make ourselves a gift of love without reserve.” – Pope Benedict XVI
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The Gospel of Matthew 5: 43-48 Reading for June 20th

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43 “You have heard that it was said, ‘You shall love your neighbor and hate your enemy.’ 44 But I say to you, Love your enemies and pray for those who persecute you, 45 so that you may be sons of your Father who is in heaven; for he makes his sun rise on the evil and on the good, and sends rain on the just and on the unjust. 46 For if you love those who love you, what reward have you? Do not even the tax collectors do the same? 47 And if you salute only your brethren, what more are you doing than others? Do not even the Gentiles do the same? 48 You, therefore, must be perfect, as your heavenly Father is perfect.

During these days of Ordinary time, we draw to a close in the reading of chapter 5 in Matthew’s Gospel…more commonly known as the Sermon on the Mount. Today’s Gospel reading is an explanation of how we as Christians are supposed to live. Jesus is not just talking to His apostles…He is not just speaking to a ‘few good men’…no; when Christ says : “Be perfect as your heavenly Father is perfect,” He is speaking to all of us…to you…to me…He wishes for all of us to reach perfection.

But we are human…stained with original sin, and our inclinations tend to lead us away from this perfection, and instead we are more prone to retort this with, “Hey, nobody’s perfect…’You can’t expect me to be perfect’…’I’m only human after all’…” We’ve heard all these sayings before. Heck, we’ve probably even said them before…But the fact is, God wants us to be perfect. That is why He gave us the Sacred Scripture. In it, He is calling each of us to holiness…and the fullness of charity.

Christ wishes for all to be sanctified. All who approach Him…no matter what their station in  this life…All must strive to follow the Father. We are not perfect on our own…we never will be… but we must rely on our Father in Heaven to give us the graces we need. Our perfection comes from God’s perfection. He will give us what we need to achieve our way to Heaven… He has the power to change the hearts and minds of all men…we just need to be open to His gifts of Sanctifying grace.

In following Christ, there is no call for mediocrity… no call for lukewarmness, but there is a call to love, a call to be a Light of Christ… There is a call to set the world on fire for the Lord. The Lord wants us to be heroic. In whatever we do, whether or not we are called to be martyrs….everything we do should be done with the one desire of pleasing God…and that means being a hero for Christ…in all things. The mundane tasks that fill our days, or perhaps the daring travels we may undertake to share Christ’s word with the oppressed…whatever we are called to do… offer each task for God, and He will grace you with perfection. Now, it may not be perfection as the world judges perfection…but it will be God’s perfection within us…each of us…no matter what…

Sanctification is within each of our grasps. Whatever we are…a child…a teacher… whether we are single or married, a mother or a father…whether we are a doctor or a lawyer… or perhaps one who labors in the fields or collects the trash….Whatever walk or vocation in this life, God will give us the graces we need to walk the path to holiness…

God is calling each of us to holiness, wherever we are…In our families…our towns…our countries…He wants all of us to be holy in whatever circumstances…in sickness or in good health…in poverty or in wealth…in peace or in war….whether in happiness or sadness…God wants holiness. There is no circumstance that man can face, that God will not use to aid him in becoming holy. God created us to be saints. Period. There is no denying that fact. We were created to know Him, to love Him, to serve Him so that we can be happy with Him in this world and the next. That’s sainthood. Being in heaven with God. Nothing else we can ever do do will compare with that.

Of course, we must be on guard and fight the inclinations of the world that tend to pull us away from this path…It is a difficult journey for many. The world is full of countless, empty pleasures that distract…We must work hard in whatever we do. Everything can be offered to the Lord. As long as it is done well and with the purpose of bringing glory to the Lord. So whether you spend your day  fighting for the oppressed or if you spend your day changing dirty diapers and mopping up messes…there is a path to sanctification for every vocation.

We must ask the Lord to help us everyday…That means making time for prayer…and uniting ourselves to the Will of the Father…in all things. If we constantly look at our lives with the eyes of man...If we measure our worth against the world….we will always fall short. We will begin to feel that perhaps we weren’t meant for greatness…we will lose hope and begin to separate ourselves from the One who can make it all possible. And because we are weak on our own, we will fill our lives with every excuse of why we aren’t striving right here and right now for our sanctification. It happens all the time. We like to procrastinate…we like things easy…I know….believe me..I know…

God also knows. That is why He sent His only begotten Son to earth. To teach us about our Father in Heaven. That is why He created the Church and gave us all the wondrous teachings that are the foundation of this great institution. And that is why He gave us Jesus in the Eucharist, to help us maintain our purpose…our focus… on things that are not of this world…on things that are of Heaven…our sanctification included. We will not get to Heaven because of the world. We will get to Heaven despite it. Only God can give us the graces we need to journey that path and enter into our eternal reward with Him. But God is awesome...He wants great things for all of us...whether we realize it or not.

Remember, as you go through your day, there has never been better time to love God with all of your heart…all of your mind…all of your being….than now…this very moment...for with Jesus, everything is made perfect…everything is made new.

 

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Feast of the Corpus Christi – The Body and Blood of Christ

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The Feast of the Corpus Christi is the liturgical solemnity that celebrates the reality of the Eucharist being the actual Body and Blood of Our Lord Jesus Christ, as given to  man on Holy Thursday at the Last Supper by Christ Himself. It has been celebrated since the 13th century.

 

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1 I am the living bread which came down from heaven; if any one eats of this bread, he will live for ever; and the bread which I shall give for the life of the world is my flesh.”
52 The Jews then disputed among themselves, saying, “How can this man give us his flesh to eat?”
53 So Jesus said to them, “Truly, truly, I say to you, unless you eat the flesh of the Son of man and drink his blood, you have no life in you;
54 he who eats my flesh and drinks my blood has eternal life, and I will raise him up at the last day.
55 For my flesh is food indeed, and my blood is drink indeed.
56 He who eats my flesh and drinks my blood abides in me, and I in him.
57 As the living Father sent me, and I live because of the Father, so he who eats me will live because of me.
58 This is the bread which came down from heaven, not such as the fathers ate and died; he who eats this bread will live for ever.”

Gospel: John 6:51-58

 

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There is a great website that has a beautiful article posted on the celebration and how the Feast was instituted. A link to the page can be found here.

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MOST Holy Trinity, Father, Son, and Holy Spirit, I adore Thee profoundly. I offer Thee the Most Precious Body, Blood, Soul, and Divinity of Jesus Christ, present in all the tabernacles of the world, in reparation for the outrages, sacrileges, and indifference by which He is offended. And through the infinite merit of His Most Sacred Heart, and the Immaculate Heart of Mary, I beg of Thee the conversion of poor sinners.

Happy Feast Day!

 

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Saint Aquilina – Martyr of Syria – June 13th

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Throughout the history of the Church we have encountered many young children and many young adults, who were willing to forgo the  pleasures of the world…and were willing to sacrifice their comfortable lives and suffer great pains for their love of the Lord and the Christian Faith. Many of them tread into dangerous lands…leaving the safety and security of their family behind.  Once these young saints learned about Christ and heard the Truth He came to share…They were willing to lay it all on the line…They were willing to follow His example, and live as a contradiction to the lure of the world and all it’s false promises. These young saints were filled with God’s grace and with the Lord’s help, were able to find the courage they needed for standing in defense of this same Truth…the Christian Faith... Through prayer, many of them were able to detach themselves from the things of the world…uniting themselves instead, to the Lord…and to Christ and His suffering on the Cross...

But times have changed… It seems not a day goes by in which we are  not being bombarded with stories of college students who are ill equipped to handle the everyday pressures that come with being young adults… We watch as they tell the world they need ‘safe spaces’…and that they are unable to cope with what is going on in the world… Many of the young people we see on the evening news describe themselves as ‘fragile’. They haven’t a clue about the True reason they were created…They haven’t been taught about their soul…about God…and His gifts…for them... Without this knowledge, they are unprepared to face anything that doesn’t make them feel ‘loved’… The funny thing is…  they don’t even know what the word means...They have no concept of God…or His Love… They have no concept of anything outside of themselves…and they are afraid…

As we read about martyrs, and other young saints whose very lives were devoted to the Faith,  it is quite comforting to know that there still may be hope… That just maybe, by sharing these forgotten stories about the real life heroics of these young saints and how they embraced the Truth for what it really is, we may be able to help some of our young people understand that they too, were in fact, created for far greater things! If as parents we put more emphasis on teaching our children about the reality of God, we could prepare them…we could help change the way they view the world…and more importantly…their place in it…and their place in the heart of God…a Father who loves them very much….

Sadly, many of today’s young adults don’t have any idea of the past. And unfortunately many are being raised without the Faith, raised in homes that are void of the truth that can only be learned from the knowledge of God, and His Supreme Truth.  I could go on…but, that shall have to wait for another day…Because today, I wish to share the story of a young girl who had more courage and resolve in her short life than most adults have today. Her name was Aquilina, and she was martyred for the Faith.

Aquilina was a native of the Phoenician city of Byblos, who suffered under the Emperor Diocletian. She was raised in a family with Christian values. Her mother was a major influence in developing her Christian faith. Unfortunately, her father wasn’t as strong a man, and when the going got tough,  he refused to take a stand for his daughter…he failed to be the man that God intended him to be… leaving his daughter to suffer in the wretched hands of the Muslims who tortured her.

When she was only 12 years old, she convinced one of her pagan friends to convert to Christ. This upset one of the servants of the Imperial Governor Volusian, and he accused her of teaching others not to follow the religion of their fathers. When taken before the governor, she firmly confessed her faith in Christ. She swore that she would not renounce Christ. This upset Volusian, and over the years, he  tried to influence the young confessor through persuasion and by flattery, but seeing her confidence, he set forth an order, that she was to be tortured.

At first they struck her upon the face, striking her with blows…hoping to break her will. When that didn’t work, they then stripped her of her clothing and beat her bare body with whips. Flesh was torn from her body, but with God’s grace she endured the agony. As the abuse continued, the torturer asked her,  “Where then is your God? Let Him come and take you out of my hands”.

The saint answered, “The Lord is here with me invisibly, and the more I suffer, the more strength and endurance will He give me.”

The physical abuse continued as they drilled through the martyr’s ears with heated metal rods. Due the excruciating pain, the holy virgin fell down, it appeared as if she were dead. The torturer, thinking that the girl had actually died, gave orders to throw her body outside the city to be eaten by wild dogs. But that night a holy angel appeared to Saint Aquilina, rousing her, he said, “Arise and be healed. Go and denounce Volusian, so that his plans may come to nothing.”

The young martyr went to the court of the governor and stood before Volusian. He called once again for her to renounce her Christian Faith and become a Muslim. She answered him by saying:

“Perhaps you think that I have the same little faith as yourself to deny my Maker and Creator, the Lord Jesus Christ Who submitted to the cross and death for our sake? I refuse. I am prepared to undergo the woeful torment, even death, for the love of Christ.Angered at the resolve of Saint Aquilina, and her message, he called for his servants, ordering them to keep watch over her until morning.

In the morning he had Saint Aquilina brought before him. He said that since she was not dead, she must be a sorceress. And because she did not obey the imperial decrees, which he had set forth, he sentenced her to death.  When they led the young saint to her execution, she prayed and gave thanks to God for allowing her to suffer for His Holy Name. A loud voice was heard in answer to her prayer, summoning her to the heavenly Kingdom. Before the executioner could carry out the sentence of death, the martyr gave up her spirit to God. The executioner fearing that his disobedience might cause the Governor to inflict punishment upon him, he carried out his order, and cut off the young girl’s head, even though she was already dead.

Christians gathered her body, and  piously buried the young martyr, hiding her body from the Muslims, whom they feared would destroy it. Many years later, her relics were carried to Constantinople and set in a place of honor, in a church which was named for her. She was 18 years old at the time of her death.

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